• object(anvilstl\commercio\models\Category)#413 (15) { ["featured_image_urls"]=> array(0) { } ["featured_image"]=> array(0) { } ["banner_image_urls"]=> array(0) { } ["productCount"]=> NULL ["_attributes":"yii\db\BaseActiveRecord":private]=> array(23) { ["id"]=> int(28) ["root"]=> int(1) ["lft"]=> int(170) ["rgt"]=> int(171) ["level"]=> int(3) ["name"]=> string(28) "Pharmaceutical Intermediates" ["url_name"]=> string(28) "pharmaceutical-intermediates" ["title"]=> NULL ["short_description"]=> string(0) "" ["long_description"]=> string(508) "Gold Biotechnology carries a variety of pharmaceutical intermediates that act as a building block for the production of active pharmaceutical ingredients (APIs). These products include agonists, antagonists, amino acids, bile acids, alcohols, aldehydes, ketones, lipids, carbohydrates and many others. GoldBio’s superior pharmaceutical intermediates are meant for research only, and are offered at a much lower rate than other commercially available products, providing you with the highest value possible." ["hide"]=> int(0) ["third_party_id"]=> int(38) ["featured_image_id"]=> int(0) ["banner_image_id"]=> int(0) ["meta_description"]=> string(153) "GoldBio offers a large selection of quality pharmaceutical intermediates that act as building blocks, producing active pharmaceutical ingredients (APIs)." ["meta_keywords"]=> string(0) "" ["root_sort"]=> int(0) ["type"]=> string(7) "product" ["condition_type"]=> int(1) ["condition_match_type"]=> int(1) ["sort_type"]=> int(1) ["items_per_page"]=> int(25) ["color"]=> NULL } ["_oldAttributes":"yii\db\BaseActiveRecord":private]=> array(23) { ["id"]=> int(28) ["root"]=> int(1) ["lft"]=> int(170) ["rgt"]=> int(171) ["level"]=> int(3) ["name"]=> string(28) "Pharmaceutical Intermediates" ["url_name"]=> string(28) "pharmaceutical-intermediates" ["title"]=> NULL ["short_description"]=> string(0) "" ["long_description"]=> string(508) "Gold Biotechnology carries a variety of pharmaceutical intermediates that act as a building block for the production of active pharmaceutical ingredients (APIs). These products include agonists, antagonists, amino acids, bile acids, alcohols, aldehydes, ketones, lipids, carbohydrates and many others. GoldBio’s superior pharmaceutical intermediates are meant for research only, and are offered at a much lower rate than other commercially available products, providing you with the highest value possible." ["hide"]=> int(0) ["third_party_id"]=> int(38) ["featured_image_id"]=> int(0) ["banner_image_id"]=> int(0) ["meta_description"]=> string(153) "GoldBio offers a large selection of quality pharmaceutical intermediates that act as building blocks, producing active pharmaceutical ingredients (APIs)." 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  • object(anvilstl\commercio\models\Category)#440 (15) { ["featured_image_urls"]=> array(0) { } ["featured_image"]=> array(0) { } ["banner_image_urls"]=> array(0) { } ["productCount"]=> NULL ["_attributes":"yii\db\BaseActiveRecord":private]=> array(23) { ["id"]=> int(66) ["root"]=> int(1) ["lft"]=> int(100) ["rgt"]=> int(131) ["level"]=> int(3) ["name"]=> string(11) "Antibiotics" ["url_name"]=> string(11) "antibiotics" ["title"]=> NULL ["short_description"]=> string(0) "" ["long_description"]=> string(701) "

    Gold Biotechnology offers more than 200 unique antibiotic agents for use in a wide variety of cell culture, microbiology and molecular biology applications. Antibiotic agents are often clinically used to inhibit bacterial growth or kill bacteria as selection markers in agar or liquid media. The first commercially available antibiotics were developed in the 1930s, starting with the sulfonamides in 1932 and exploded later with the discovery of penicillin in 1942. Gold Biotechnology’s antibiotics cover 14 classes, including aminoglycosides, carbapenems, macrolides, penicillins, quinolones, sulfonamides and tetracyclines, as well as multiple generations of cephalosporin antibiotics.

    " ["hide"]=> int(0) ["third_party_id"]=> int(36) ["featured_image_id"]=> int(0) ["banner_image_id"]=> int(0) ["meta_description"]=> string(146) "GoldBio carries more than 150 quality research antibiotics, including a variety of aminoglycosides, glycopeptides, cephalosporins and penicillins." ["meta_keywords"]=> string(0) "" ["root_sort"]=> int(0) ["type"]=> string(7) "product" ["condition_type"]=> int(1) ["condition_match_type"]=> int(1) ["sort_type"]=> int(1) ["items_per_page"]=> int(25) ["color"]=> string(21) "rgba(245, 166, 35, 1)" } ["_oldAttributes":"yii\db\BaseActiveRecord":private]=> array(23) { ["id"]=> int(66) ["root"]=> int(1) ["lft"]=> int(100) ["rgt"]=> int(131) ["level"]=> int(3) ["name"]=> string(11) "Antibiotics" ["url_name"]=> string(11) "antibiotics" ["title"]=> NULL ["short_description"]=> string(0) "" ["long_description"]=> string(701) "

    Gold Biotechnology offers more than 200 unique antibiotic agents for use in a wide variety of cell culture, microbiology and molecular biology applications. Antibiotic agents are often clinically used to inhibit bacterial growth or kill bacteria as selection markers in agar or liquid media. The first commercially available antibiotics were developed in the 1930s, starting with the sulfonamides in 1932 and exploded later with the discovery of penicillin in 1942. Gold Biotechnology’s antibiotics cover 14 classes, including aminoglycosides, carbapenems, macrolides, penicillins, quinolones, sulfonamides and tetracyclines, as well as multiple generations of cephalosporin antibiotics.

    " ["hide"]=> int(0) ["third_party_id"]=> int(36) ["featured_image_id"]=> int(0) ["banner_image_id"]=> int(0) ["meta_description"]=> string(146) "GoldBio carries more than 150 quality research antibiotics, including a variety of aminoglycosides, glycopeptides, cephalosporins and penicillins." 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  • object(anvilstl\commercio\models\Category)#442 (15) { ["featured_image_urls"]=> array(0) { } ["featured_image"]=> array(0) { } ["banner_image_urls"]=> array(0) { } ["productCount"]=> NULL ["_attributes":"yii\db\BaseActiveRecord":private]=> array(23) { ["id"]=> int(76) ["root"]=> int(1) ["lft"]=> int(121) ["rgt"]=> int(122) ["level"]=> int(4) ["name"]=> string(11) "Penicillins" ["url_name"]=> string(11) "penicillins" ["title"]=> NULL ["short_description"]=> string(0) "" ["long_description"]=> string(742) "Penicillins are a group of antibacterial agents derived from the Penicillium fungus and includes penicillin G, penicillin V, ampicillin and carbenicillin. Penicillins are β-lactams, which interfere with PBP (Penicillin Binding Protein) activity involved in the final phase of peptidoglycan synthesis. PBPs are enzymes that catalyze a pentaglycine cross-link between alanine and lysine residues providing additional strength to the cell wall. Without a pentaglycine cross-link, the integrity of the cell wall is severely compromised and ultimately leads to cell lysis and death. Many penicillins, such as ampicillin, amoxicillin and carbenicillin, are commonly used as selective agents in laboratory, bacterial screening protocols." ["hide"]=> int(0) ["third_party_id"]=> int(260) ["featured_image_id"]=> int(0) ["banner_image_id"]=> int(0) ["meta_description"]=> string(154) "GoldBio’s catalog of penicillins includes amoxicillin, ampicillin, carbenicillin and more. These penicillins are often used in labs as selective agents." ["meta_keywords"]=> string(0) "" ["root_sort"]=> int(0) ["type"]=> string(7) "product" ["condition_type"]=> int(1) ["condition_match_type"]=> int(1) ["sort_type"]=> int(1) ["items_per_page"]=> int(25) ["color"]=> NULL } ["_oldAttributes":"yii\db\BaseActiveRecord":private]=> array(23) { ["id"]=> int(76) ["root"]=> int(1) ["lft"]=> int(121) ["rgt"]=> int(122) ["level"]=> int(4) ["name"]=> string(11) "Penicillins" ["url_name"]=> string(11) "penicillins" ["title"]=> NULL ["short_description"]=> string(0) "" ["long_description"]=> string(742) "Penicillins are a group of antibacterial agents derived from the Penicillium fungus and includes penicillin G, penicillin V, ampicillin and carbenicillin. Penicillins are β-lactams, which interfere with PBP (Penicillin Binding Protein) activity involved in the final phase of peptidoglycan synthesis. PBPs are enzymes that catalyze a pentaglycine cross-link between alanine and lysine residues providing additional strength to the cell wall. Without a pentaglycine cross-link, the integrity of the cell wall is severely compromised and ultimately leads to cell lysis and death. Many penicillins, such as ampicillin, amoxicillin and carbenicillin, are commonly used as selective agents in laboratory, bacterial screening protocols." ["hide"]=> int(0) ["third_party_id"]=> int(260) ["featured_image_id"]=> int(0) ["banner_image_id"]=> int(0) ["meta_description"]=> string(154) "GoldBio’s catalog of penicillins includes amoxicillin, ampicillin, carbenicillin and more. These penicillins are often used in labs as selective agents." 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NULL } } } ["_eventWildcards":"yii\base\Component":private]=> array(0) { } ["_behaviors":"yii\base\Component":private]=> array(1) { ["tree"]=> object(creocoder\nestedsets\NestedSetsBehavior)#443 (8) { ["treeAttribute"]=> string(4) "root" ["leftAttribute"]=> string(3) "lft" ["rightAttribute"]=> string(3) "rgt" ["depthAttribute"]=> string(5) "level" ["operation":protected]=> NULL ["node":protected]=> NULL ["owner"]=> *RECURSION* ["_attachedEvents":"yii\base\Behavior":private]=> array(6) { ["beforeInsert"]=> string(12) "beforeInsert" ["afterInsert"]=> string(11) "afterInsert" ["beforeUpdate"]=> string(12) "beforeUpdate" ["afterUpdate"]=> string(11) "afterUpdate" ["beforeDelete"]=> string(12) "beforeDelete" ["afterDelete"]=> string(11) "afterDelete" } } } ["__fieldGroups":protected]=> array(0) { } }
  • object(anvilstl\commercio\models\Category)#444 (15) { ["featured_image_urls"]=> array(0) { } ["featured_image"]=> array(0) { } ["banner_image_urls"]=> array(0) { } ["productCount"]=> NULL ["_attributes":"yii\db\BaseActiveRecord":private]=> array(23) { ["id"]=> int(194) ["root"]=> int(1) ["lft"]=> int(3) ["rgt"]=> int(4) ["level"]=> int(2) ["name"]=> string(10) "A_Products" ["url_name"]=> string(10) "a-products" ["title"]=> NULL ["short_description"]=> string(0) "" ["long_description"]=> string(0) "" ["hide"]=> int(0) ["third_party_id"]=> NULL ["featured_image_id"]=> int(0) ["banner_image_id"]=> int(0) ["meta_description"]=> string(0) "" ["meta_keywords"]=> string(0) "" ["root_sort"]=> int(0) ["type"]=> string(7) "product" ["condition_type"]=> int(1) ["condition_match_type"]=> int(1) ["sort_type"]=> int(1) ["items_per_page"]=> int(25) ["color"]=> NULL } ["_oldAttributes":"yii\db\BaseActiveRecord":private]=> array(23) { ["id"]=> int(194) ["root"]=> int(1) ["lft"]=> int(3) ["rgt"]=> int(4) ["level"]=> int(2) ["name"]=> string(10) "A_Products" ["url_name"]=> string(10) "a-products" ["title"]=> NULL ["short_description"]=> string(0) "" ["long_description"]=> string(0) "" ["hide"]=> int(0) ["third_party_id"]=> NULL ["featured_image_id"]=> int(0) ["banner_image_id"]=> int(0) ["meta_description"]=> string(0) "" ["meta_keywords"]=> string(0) "" ["root_sort"]=> int(0) ["type"]=> string(7) "product" ["condition_type"]=> int(1) ["condition_match_type"]=> int(1) ["sort_type"]=> int(1) ["items_per_page"]=> int(25) ["color"]=> NULL } ["_related":"yii\db\BaseActiveRecord":private]=> array(0) { } ["_relationsDependencies":"yii\db\BaseActiveRecord":private]=> array(0) { } ["_errors":"yii\base\Model":private]=> NULL ["_validators":"yii\base\Model":private]=> NULL ["_scenario":"yii\base\Model":private]=> string(7) "default" ["_events":"yii\base\Component":private]=> array(6) { ["beforeInsert"]=> array(1) { [0]=> array(2) { [0]=> array(2) { [0]=> object(creocoder\nestedsets\NestedSetsBehavior)#445 (8) { ["treeAttribute"]=> string(4) "root" ["leftAttribute"]=> string(3) "lft" ["rightAttribute"]=> string(3) "rgt" ["depthAttribute"]=> string(5) "level" ["operation":protected]=> NULL ["node":protected]=> NULL ["owner"]=> *RECURSION* ["_attachedEvents":"yii\base\Behavior":private]=> array(6) { ["beforeInsert"]=> string(12) "beforeInsert" ["afterInsert"]=> string(11) "afterInsert" ["beforeUpdate"]=> string(12) "beforeUpdate" ["afterUpdate"]=> string(11) "afterUpdate" ["beforeDelete"]=> string(12) "beforeDelete" ["afterDelete"]=> string(11) "afterDelete" } } [1]=> string(12) "beforeInsert" } [1]=> NULL } } ["afterInsert"]=> array(1) { [0]=> array(2) { [0]=> array(2) { [0]=> object(creocoder\nestedsets\NestedSetsBehavior)#445 (8) { ["treeAttribute"]=> string(4) "root" ["leftAttribute"]=> string(3) "lft" ["rightAttribute"]=> string(3) "rgt" ["depthAttribute"]=> string(5) "level" ["operation":protected]=> NULL ["node":protected]=> NULL ["owner"]=> *RECURSION* ["_attachedEvents":"yii\base\Behavior":private]=> array(6) { ["beforeInsert"]=> string(12) "beforeInsert" ["afterInsert"]=> string(11) "afterInsert" ["beforeUpdate"]=> string(12) "beforeUpdate" ["afterUpdate"]=> string(11) "afterUpdate" ["beforeDelete"]=> string(12) "beforeDelete" ["afterDelete"]=> string(11) "afterDelete" } } [1]=> string(11) "afterInsert" } [1]=> NULL } } ["beforeUpdate"]=> array(1) { [0]=> array(2) { [0]=> array(2) { [0]=> object(creocoder\nestedsets\NestedSetsBehavior)#445 (8) { ["treeAttribute"]=> string(4) "root" ["leftAttribute"]=> string(3) "lft" ["rightAttribute"]=> string(3) "rgt" ["depthAttribute"]=> string(5) "level" ["operation":protected]=> NULL ["node":protected]=> NULL ["owner"]=> *RECURSION* ["_attachedEvents":"yii\base\Behavior":private]=> array(6) { ["beforeInsert"]=> string(12) "beforeInsert" ["afterInsert"]=> string(11) "afterInsert" ["beforeUpdate"]=> string(12) "beforeUpdate" ["afterUpdate"]=> string(11) "afterUpdate" ["beforeDelete"]=> string(12) "beforeDelete" ["afterDelete"]=> string(11) "afterDelete" } } [1]=> string(12) "beforeUpdate" } [1]=> NULL } } ["afterUpdate"]=> array(1) { [0]=> array(2) { [0]=> array(2) { [0]=> object(creocoder\nestedsets\NestedSetsBehavior)#445 (8) { ["treeAttribute"]=> string(4) "root" ["leftAttribute"]=> string(3) "lft" ["rightAttribute"]=> string(3) "rgt" ["depthAttribute"]=> string(5) "level" ["operation":protected]=> NULL ["node":protected]=> NULL ["owner"]=> *RECURSION* ["_attachedEvents":"yii\base\Behavior":private]=> array(6) { ["beforeInsert"]=> string(12) "beforeInsert" ["afterInsert"]=> string(11) "afterInsert" ["beforeUpdate"]=> string(12) "beforeUpdate" ["afterUpdate"]=> string(11) "afterUpdate" ["beforeDelete"]=> string(12) "beforeDelete" ["afterDelete"]=> string(11) "afterDelete" } } [1]=> string(11) "afterUpdate" } [1]=> NULL } } ["beforeDelete"]=> array(1) { [0]=> array(2) { [0]=> array(2) { [0]=> object(creocoder\nestedsets\NestedSetsBehavior)#445 (8) { ["treeAttribute"]=> string(4) "root" ["leftAttribute"]=> string(3) "lft" ["rightAttribute"]=> string(3) "rgt" ["depthAttribute"]=> string(5) "level" ["operation":protected]=> NULL ["node":protected]=> NULL ["owner"]=> *RECURSION* ["_attachedEvents":"yii\base\Behavior":private]=> array(6) { ["beforeInsert"]=> string(12) "beforeInsert" ["afterInsert"]=> string(11) "afterInsert" ["beforeUpdate"]=> string(12) "beforeUpdate" ["afterUpdate"]=> string(11) "afterUpdate" ["beforeDelete"]=> string(12) "beforeDelete" ["afterDelete"]=> string(11) "afterDelete" } } [1]=> string(12) "beforeDelete" } [1]=> NULL } } ["afterDelete"]=> array(1) { [0]=> array(2) { [0]=> array(2) { [0]=> object(creocoder\nestedsets\NestedSetsBehavior)#445 (8) { ["treeAttribute"]=> string(4) "root" ["leftAttribute"]=> string(3) "lft" ["rightAttribute"]=> string(3) "rgt" ["depthAttribute"]=> string(5) "level" ["operation":protected]=> NULL ["node":protected]=> NULL ["owner"]=> *RECURSION* ["_attachedEvents":"yii\base\Behavior":private]=> array(6) { ["beforeInsert"]=> string(12) "beforeInsert" ["afterInsert"]=> string(11) "afterInsert" ["beforeUpdate"]=> string(12) "beforeUpdate" ["afterUpdate"]=> string(11) "afterUpdate" ["beforeDelete"]=> string(12) "beforeDelete" ["afterDelete"]=> string(11) "afterDelete" } } [1]=> string(11) "afterDelete" } [1]=> NULL } } } ["_eventWildcards":"yii\base\Component":private]=> array(0) { } ["_behaviors":"yii\base\Component":private]=> array(1) { ["tree"]=> object(creocoder\nestedsets\NestedSetsBehavior)#445 (8) { ["treeAttribute"]=> string(4) "root" ["leftAttribute"]=> string(3) "lft" ["rightAttribute"]=> string(3) "rgt" ["depthAttribute"]=> string(5) "level" ["operation":protected]=> NULL ["node":protected]=> NULL ["owner"]=> *RECURSION* ["_attachedEvents":"yii\base\Behavior":private]=> array(6) { ["beforeInsert"]=> string(12) "beforeInsert" ["afterInsert"]=> string(11) "afterInsert" ["beforeUpdate"]=> string(12) "beforeUpdate" ["afterUpdate"]=> string(11) "afterUpdate" ["beforeDelete"]=> string(12) "beforeDelete" ["afterDelete"]=> string(11) "afterDelete" } } } ["__fieldGroups":protected]=> array(0) { } }
  • object(anvilstl\commercio\models\Category)#446 (15) { ["featured_image_urls"]=> array(3) { ["small"]=> string(90) "https://s3.amazonaws.com/commercio/goldbio-2018/collection/small/Antibiotics-Selection.jpg" ["medium"]=> string(91) "https://s3.amazonaws.com/commercio/goldbio-2018/collection/medium/Antibiotics-Selection.jpg" ["large"]=> string(90) "https://s3.amazonaws.com/commercio/goldbio-2018/collection/large/Antibiotics-Selection.jpg" } ["featured_image"]=> array(3) { ["small"]=> string(90) "https://s3.amazonaws.com/commercio/goldbio-2018/collection/small/Antibiotics-Selection.jpg" ["medium"]=> string(91) "https://s3.amazonaws.com/commercio/goldbio-2018/collection/medium/Antibiotics-Selection.jpg" ["large"]=> string(90) "https://s3.amazonaws.com/commercio/goldbio-2018/collection/large/Antibiotics-Selection.jpg" } ["banner_image_urls"]=> array(0) { } ["productCount"]=> NULL ["_attributes":"yii\db\BaseActiveRecord":private]=> array(23) { ["id"]=> int(300) ["root"]=> int(393) ["lft"]=> int(32) ["rgt"]=> int(33) ["level"]=> int(1) ["name"]=> string(29) "Antibiotics & Selection (old)" ["url_name"]=> string(26) "antibiotics-and-selection2" ["title"]=> NULL ["short_description"]=> string(0) "" ["long_description"]=> string(410) "

    Antibiotics and Selection tools allow you to selectively control which cells can be found in your cultures.



    GoldBio’s broad range of cell selection tools, including hundreds of antibiotics, antifungals and anticancers, plant selection and screening agents allow you to select, control and maintain your cell cultures with confidence and ease, no matter what cells you may be studying.

    " ["hide"]=> int(1) ["third_party_id"]=> NULL ["featured_image_id"]=> int(24) ["banner_image_id"]=> int(0) ["meta_description"]=> string(0) "" ["meta_keywords"]=> string(0) "" ["root_sort"]=> int(0) ["type"]=> string(7) "product" ["condition_type"]=> int(1) ["condition_match_type"]=> int(1) ["sort_type"]=> int(1) ["items_per_page"]=> int(25) ["color"]=> string(21) "rgba(244, 140, 14, 1)" } ["_oldAttributes":"yii\db\BaseActiveRecord":private]=> array(23) { ["id"]=> int(300) ["root"]=> int(393) ["lft"]=> int(32) ["rgt"]=> int(33) ["level"]=> int(1) ["name"]=> string(29) "Antibiotics & Selection (old)" ["url_name"]=> string(26) "antibiotics-and-selection2" ["title"]=> NULL ["short_description"]=> string(0) "" ["long_description"]=> string(410) "

    Antibiotics and Selection tools allow you to selectively control which cells can be found in your cultures.



    GoldBio’s broad range of cell selection tools, including hundreds of antibiotics, antifungals and anticancers, plant selection and screening agents allow you to select, control and maintain your cell cultures with confidence and ease, no matter what cells you may be studying.

    " ["hide"]=> int(1) ["third_party_id"]=> NULL ["featured_image_id"]=> int(24) ["banner_image_id"]=> int(0) ["meta_description"]=> string(0) "" ["meta_keywords"]=> string(0) "" ["root_sort"]=> int(0) ["type"]=> string(7) "product" ["condition_type"]=> int(1) ["condition_match_type"]=> int(1) ["sort_type"]=> int(1) ["items_per_page"]=> int(25) ["color"]=> string(21) "rgba(244, 140, 14, 1)" } ["_related":"yii\db\BaseActiveRecord":private]=> array(0) { } ["_relationsDependencies":"yii\db\BaseActiveRecord":private]=> array(0) { } ["_errors":"yii\base\Model":private]=> NULL ["_validators":"yii\base\Model":private]=> NULL ["_scenario":"yii\base\Model":private]=> string(7) "default" ["_events":"yii\base\Component":private]=> array(6) { ["beforeInsert"]=> array(1) { [0]=> array(2) { [0]=> array(2) { [0]=> object(creocoder\nestedsets\NestedSetsBehavior)#447 (8) { ["treeAttribute"]=> string(4) "root" ["leftAttribute"]=> string(3) "lft" ["rightAttribute"]=> string(3) "rgt" ["depthAttribute"]=> string(5) "level" ["operation":protected]=> NULL ["node":protected]=> NULL ["owner"]=> *RECURSION* ["_attachedEvents":"yii\base\Behavior":private]=> array(6) { ["beforeInsert"]=> string(12) "beforeInsert" ["afterInsert"]=> string(11) "afterInsert" ["beforeUpdate"]=> string(12) "beforeUpdate" ["afterUpdate"]=> string(11) "afterUpdate" ["beforeDelete"]=> string(12) "beforeDelete" ["afterDelete"]=> string(11) "afterDelete" } } [1]=> string(12) "beforeInsert" } [1]=> NULL } } ["afterInsert"]=> array(1) { [0]=> array(2) { [0]=> array(2) { [0]=> object(creocoder\nestedsets\NestedSetsBehavior)#447 (8) { ["treeAttribute"]=> string(4) "root" ["leftAttribute"]=> string(3) "lft" ["rightAttribute"]=> string(3) "rgt" ["depthAttribute"]=> string(5) "level" ["operation":protected]=> NULL ["node":protected]=> NULL ["owner"]=> *RECURSION* ["_attachedEvents":"yii\base\Behavior":private]=> array(6) { ["beforeInsert"]=> string(12) "beforeInsert" ["afterInsert"]=> string(11) "afterInsert" ["beforeUpdate"]=> string(12) "beforeUpdate" ["afterUpdate"]=> string(11) "afterUpdate" ["beforeDelete"]=> string(12) "beforeDelete" ["afterDelete"]=> string(11) "afterDelete" } } [1]=> string(11) "afterInsert" } [1]=> NULL } } ["beforeUpdate"]=> array(1) { [0]=> array(2) { [0]=> array(2) { [0]=> object(creocoder\nestedsets\NestedSetsBehavior)#447 (8) { ["treeAttribute"]=> string(4) "root" ["leftAttribute"]=> string(3) "lft" ["rightAttribute"]=> string(3) "rgt" ["depthAttribute"]=> string(5) "level" ["operation":protected]=> NULL ["node":protected]=> NULL ["owner"]=> *RECURSION* ["_attachedEvents":"yii\base\Behavior":private]=> array(6) { ["beforeInsert"]=> string(12) "beforeInsert" ["afterInsert"]=> string(11) "afterInsert" ["beforeUpdate"]=> string(12) "beforeUpdate" ["afterUpdate"]=> string(11) "afterUpdate" ["beforeDelete"]=> string(12) "beforeDelete" ["afterDelete"]=> string(11) "afterDelete" } } [1]=> string(12) "beforeUpdate" } [1]=> NULL } } ["afterUpdate"]=> array(1) { [0]=> array(2) { [0]=> array(2) { [0]=> object(creocoder\nestedsets\NestedSetsBehavior)#447 (8) { ["treeAttribute"]=> string(4) "root" ["leftAttribute"]=> string(3) "lft" ["rightAttribute"]=> string(3) "rgt" ["depthAttribute"]=> string(5) "level" ["operation":protected]=> NULL ["node":protected]=> NULL ["owner"]=> *RECURSION* ["_attachedEvents":"yii\base\Behavior":private]=> array(6) { ["beforeInsert"]=> string(12) "beforeInsert" ["afterInsert"]=> string(11) "afterInsert" ["beforeUpdate"]=> string(12) "beforeUpdate" ["afterUpdate"]=> string(11) "afterUpdate" ["beforeDelete"]=> string(12) "beforeDelete" ["afterDelete"]=> string(11) "afterDelete" } } [1]=> string(11) "afterUpdate" } [1]=> NULL } } ["beforeDelete"]=> array(1) { [0]=> array(2) { [0]=> array(2) { [0]=> object(creocoder\nestedsets\NestedSetsBehavior)#447 (8) { ["treeAttribute"]=> string(4) "root" ["leftAttribute"]=> string(3) "lft" ["rightAttribute"]=> string(3) "rgt" ["depthAttribute"]=> string(5) "level" ["operation":protected]=> NULL ["node":protected]=> NULL ["owner"]=> *RECURSION* ["_attachedEvents":"yii\base\Behavior":private]=> array(6) { ["beforeInsert"]=> string(12) "beforeInsert" ["afterInsert"]=> string(11) "afterInsert" ["beforeUpdate"]=> string(12) "beforeUpdate" ["afterUpdate"]=> string(11) "afterUpdate" ["beforeDelete"]=> string(12) "beforeDelete" ["afterDelete"]=> string(11) "afterDelete" } } [1]=> string(12) "beforeDelete" } [1]=> NULL } } ["afterDelete"]=> array(1) { [0]=> array(2) { [0]=> array(2) { [0]=> object(creocoder\nestedsets\NestedSetsBehavior)#447 (8) { ["treeAttribute"]=> string(4) "root" ["leftAttribute"]=> string(3) "lft" ["rightAttribute"]=> string(3) "rgt" ["depthAttribute"]=> string(5) "level" ["operation":protected]=> NULL ["node":protected]=> NULL ["owner"]=> *RECURSION* ["_attachedEvents":"yii\base\Behavior":private]=> array(6) { ["beforeInsert"]=> string(12) "beforeInsert" ["afterInsert"]=> string(11) "afterInsert" ["beforeUpdate"]=> string(12) "beforeUpdate" ["afterUpdate"]=> string(11) "afterUpdate" ["beforeDelete"]=> string(12) "beforeDelete" ["afterDelete"]=> string(11) "afterDelete" } } [1]=> string(11) "afterDelete" } [1]=> NULL } } } ["_eventWildcards":"yii\base\Component":private]=> array(0) { } ["_behaviors":"yii\base\Component":private]=> array(1) { ["tree"]=> object(creocoder\nestedsets\NestedSetsBehavior)#447 (8) { ["treeAttribute"]=> string(4) "root" ["leftAttribute"]=> string(3) "lft" ["rightAttribute"]=> string(3) "rgt" ["depthAttribute"]=> string(5) "level" ["operation":protected]=> NULL ["node":protected]=> NULL ["owner"]=> *RECURSION* ["_attachedEvents":"yii\base\Behavior":private]=> array(6) { ["beforeInsert"]=> string(12) "beforeInsert" ["afterInsert"]=> string(11) "afterInsert" ["beforeUpdate"]=> string(12) "beforeUpdate" ["afterUpdate"]=> string(11) "afterUpdate" ["beforeDelete"]=> string(12) "beforeDelete" ["afterDelete"]=> string(11) "afterDelete" } } } ["__fieldGroups":protected]=> array(0) { } }
  • 6-Aminopenicillanic acid

    Product Description

    6-Aminopenicillanic acid (6-APA) is the central component of penicillin β-lactam antibiotics which are generated by Penicillium. 6-APA forms from penicillin G after being catalyzed by penicillin acylases. This compound can be used to create semi-synthetic antibiotics that are effective against non-penicillinase forming bacterium, such as Streptococcus and some Staphylococcus.

    6-APA is used as precursor for antibiotic compounds ampicillin and amoxicillin. Antibiotic synthesis of 6-APA can be augmented with a supersaturated solution of nucleophiles. Other methods for enhancing effectiveness involves diminishing ionic strength in a reaction mixture along with the addition of 2-butanol. Implementing a pH gradient starting at pH 7 and reducing the pH to 6.5 near reaction completion can greatly increase reaction output.

    Product Specifications
    6-Aminopenicillanic acid
    (+)-6-Aminopenicillanic acid

    Formula: C8H12N2O3S

    MW: 216.26 g/mol

    Storage/Handling: Store at 4°C.

    PubChem Chemical ID: 11082

    Product Specifications

    Catalog ID A-915
    CAS # 551-16-6
    MW 216.26 g/mol

    Technical Documentation

    P Protocol
    O Other
    C Certificate of Analysis
    S Safety Data Sheet

    View Sizes & Pricing

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    {{ currentSelection && currentSelection.sku ? currentSelection.sku : '...' }}
    CAS Number:
    {{ casNumber && casNumber.value ? casNumber.value : '...' }}
    Size:
    Quantity:
    On Sale:
    ${{ currentSelection.price }} ${{ currentSelection.sale_price }}
    Shipping:
    $9.99 Ground shipping (In continental US only.)

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